Home Page » california » california
Let's get to know california

Area Codes for the Largest Cities in California
Agoura Hills 818
Alameda 510
Alhambra 626
Aliso Viejo 949
Altadena 626
Anaheim 714/657
Antioch 925
Apple Valley 760
Arcadia 626
Arden-arcade 916
Atascadero 805
Atwater 209
Azusa 626
Bakersfield 661
Baldwin Park 626
Banning 951
Barstow 760
Bay Point 925
Bell 323
Bell Gardens 323
Bellflower 562
Belmont 650
Benicia 707
Berkeley 510
Beverly Hills 424/310
Brawley 760
Brea 714/657
Brentwood 925
Buena Park 714/657
Burbank 818
Burlingame 650
Calabasas 818
Calexico 760
Camarillo 805
Campbell 669/408
Carlsbad 760
Carmichael 916
Carson 424/310
Castro Valley 510
Cathedral City 760
Ceres 209
Cerritos 562
Chico 530
Chino 909
Chino Hills 909
Chula Vista 619
Citrus Heights 916
Claremont 909
Clovis 559
Coachella 760
Colton 909
Concord 925
Corona 951
Coronado 619
Costa Mesa 949
Covina 626
Cudahy 323
Culver City 424/310
Cypress 657/714
Daly City 650
Dana Point 949
Danville 925
Davis 530
Delano 661
Diamond Bar 909
Downey 562
Duarte 626
Dublin 925
East Los Angeles 323
East Palo Alto 650
El Cajon 619
El Centro 760
El Cerrito 510
El Monte 626
El Paso De Robles 805
Elk Grove 916
Encinitas 760
Escondido 760
Eureka 707
Fair Oaks 916
Fairfield 707
Fallbrook 760
Florence-graham 323
Florin 916
Folsom 916
Fontana 909
Foster City 650
Fountain Valley 657/714
Fremont 510
Fresno 559
Fullerton 657/714
Garden Grove 657/714
Gardena 424/310
Gilroy 408/669
Glendale 818
Glendora 626
Goleta 805
Hacienda Heights 626
Hanford 559
Hawthorne 424/310
Hayward 510
Hemet 951
Hesperia 760
Highland 909
Hollister 831
Huntington Beach 714/657
Huntington Park 323
Imperial Beach 619
Indio 760
Inglewood 424/310
Irvine 949
La Canada Flintridge 818
La Habra 562
La Mesa 619
La Mirada 562
La Presa 619
La Puente 626
La Quinta 760
La Riviera 916
La Verne 909
Lafayette 925
Laguna 916
Laguna Beach 949
Laguna Hills 949
Laguna Niguel 949
Lake Forest 949
Lakewood 562
Lancaster 661
Lawndale 424/310
Lemon Grove 619
Lennox 424/310
Livermore 925
Lodi 209
Lomita 424/310
Lompoc 805
Long Beach 562
Los Altos 650
Los Angeles 213
Los Banos 209
Los Gatos 408/669
Lynwood 424/310
Madera 559
Manhattan Beach 424/310
Manteca 209
Marina 831
Martinez 925
Maywood 323
Menlo Park 650
Merced 209
Millbrae 650
Milpitas 669/408
Mission Viejo 949
Modesto 209
Monrovia 626
Montclair 909
Montebello 323
Monterey 831
Monterey Park 626
Moorpark 805
Moreno Valley 951
Morgan Hill 669/408
Mountain View 650
Murrieta 951
Napa 707
National City 619
Newark 510
Newport Beach 949
Norco 951
North Highlands 916
Norwalk 562
Novato 415
Oakland 510
Oakley 925
Oceanside 760
Oildale 661
Ontario 909
Orange 714/657
Orangevale 916
Orcutt 805
Oxnard 805
Pacifica 650
Palm Desert 760
Palm Springs 760
Palmdale 661
Palo Alto 650
Paradise 530
Paramount 562
Parkway-south Sacramento 916
Pasadena 626
Perris 951
Petaluma 707
Pico Rivera 562
Pittsburg 925
Placentia 714/657
Pleasant Hill 925
Pleasanton 925
Pomona 909
Port Hueneme 805
Porterville 559
Poway 858
Rancho Cordova 916
Rancho Cucamonga 909
Rancho Palos Verdes 424/310
Rancho San Diego 619
Rancho Santa Margarita 949
Redding 530
Redlands 909
Redondo Beach 424/310
Redwood City 650
Reedley 559
Rialto 909
Richmond 510
Ridgecrest 760
Riverside 951
Rocklin 916
Rohnert Park 707
Rosemead 626
Rosemont 916
Roseville 916
Rowland Heights 626
Rubidoux 951
Sacramento 916
Salinas 831
San Anselmo 415
San Bernardino 909
San Bruno 650
San Buenaventura 805
San Carlos 650
San Clemente 949
San Diego 619
San Dimas 909
San Fernando 818
San Francisco 415
San Gabriel 626
San Jose 669/408
San Juan Capistrano 949
San Leandro 510
San Lorenzo 510
San Luis Obispo 805
San Marcos 760
San Mateo 650
San Pablo 510
San Rafael 415
San Ramon 925
Santa Ana 657/714
Santa Barbara 805
Santa Clara 669/408
Santa Clarita 661
Santa Cruz 831
Santa Maria 805
Santa Monica 424/310
Santa Paula 805
Santa Rosa 707
Santee 619
Saratoga 669/408
Seal Beach 562
Seaside 831
Simi Valley 805
South El Monte 626
South Gate 323
South Lake Tahoe 530
South Pasadena 626
South San Francisco 650
South San Jose Hills 626
South Whittier 562
Spring Valley 619
Stanton 657/714
Stockton 209
Suisun City 707
Sunnyvale 669/408
Temecula 951
Temple City 626
Thousand Oaks 805
Torrance 424/310
Tracy 209
Tulare 559
Turlock 209
Tustin 657/714
Tustin Foothills 657/714
Union City 510
Upland 909
Vacaville 707
Valinda 626
Vallejo 707
Victorville 760
Visalia 559
Vista 760
Walnut 626
Walnut Creek 925
Wasco 661
Watsonville 831
West Carson 424/310
West Covina 626
West Hollywood 323
West Puente Valley 626
West Sacramento 916
West Whittier -los Nietos 562
Westminster 657/714
Westmont 323
Whittier 562
Windsor 707
Woodland 530
Yorba Linda 714/657
Yuba City 530
Yucaipa 909

California is a state American Western Pacific coast. The North East in Oregon, Nevada and Arizona, south of Mexico, West by the Pacific ocean. Area of 411013 square kilometers, the name of the name from a small island in the Spanish legend.
The northwest corner of California have red Wood National Park; a Yosemite National Park, Jens Canyon National Park in eastern Sierra Nevada foothills west slope; southeast of Death Valley National Monument, the Joshua Tree National monument.
The state flower is the Jin Yingsu (Golden Poppy). The state bird is the California quail (California Valley Quail). The state tree is the California mahogany (California Redwood). The motto is "I have found it" (I have found it).
California is located in the southwestern United States, Mexico to the South and the Pacific Ocean to the West and north to Oregon, east of Nevada and adjacent to the southeast and Arizona.
State of California


Alias Golden State
Administrative region class state
USA belongs to western area
Under the jurisdiction of Losangeles area, San Francisco
Government resident of Sacramento
Area of 423970 square kilometers
A population of 40120000 (2013)
California dialect of English
Climatic conditions in different climate of North and South
The state public train station train station
License plate code CAL
The population density of 87.85 people / sq km (2013)


Climate and area: 423971 square kilometers of state area, ranking third in the United States 50. Is a temperate climate, humid and rainy winter, the average temperature of 7 degrees Celsius to 17 degrees Celsius; summer dry, sunny, the average temperature of 15 degrees Celsius to 26 degrees celsius.
Urban population: California national population density is the highest in the state. It has a population of about 3769 million (in 2011), ranking first in the nation, as a Chinese national is the most concentrated area, Sacramento (Sacramento), major cities in Southern California have (Los Angeles) and (Santiago), the major cities in Northern California is San Francisco.
History: in 1542-1579, Portuguese and the British people has came to California Adventure, began in the late 18th century, Spanish missionaries gradually established settlements.
1846-1848 years of the Mexican American war ended, California was divided into the United States and Mexico, today's California and Mexico. California joined the United States in 1850 to become the United States thirty-first states.
Economic indicators: California is the largest state of the U.S. economy, in 2011 GDP was $19589, accounting for 13.08% of the proportion of the United States GDP, ranking first in the state of the United states. 2011 per capita GDP51972 us dollars.
Trade situation: foreign trade occupies an important position in the economy of California, accounting for about 25% of California's gross domestic product, and second of American States in export trade (first in Texas).


2011 total exports of foreign trade 159 billion 350 million U.S. dollars, an increase of 11.3%. The main export products for civil aircraft and parts, electronic products, industrial machinery, computers, transportation tools, precision instruments, oil, etc.. California products to the world's 224 countries and regions, mainly in Mexico, Canada, China, Japan, Korea, China Hongkong, Taiwan, China, Germany, the United Kingdom, Holland, etc..
Japan is the largest investor in California, the other major foreign source countries are: Holland, the United Kingdom and germany. Foreign investors in the main areas of investment in California is very wide, there are manufacturing, service and wholesale. Investment in manufacturing is concentrated in the high-tech industries, such as chemical, pharmaceutical, computer and electronic industries. Foreign investment in the service industry is mainly concentrated in the bank, the foreign bank's assets in the total assets of the Bank of California accounted for 1/5.
California's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west, to the Sierra Nevada in the east ¨C from the Redwood¨CDouglas fir forests of the northwest, to the Mojave Desert areas in the southeast.

The center of the state is dominated by the Central Valley, a major agricultural area. California contains both the highest and lowest points in the contiguous United States (Mount Whitney and Death Valley), and has the 3rd longest coastline of all states (after Alaska and Florida).

High tech industry: one of the major industries in California, the nation's 100 fastest developing high-tech companies, there are 39 in California, only one place in the Silicon Valley of high-tech products exports accounted for 1/3 of the United states. Nearly half of the U.S. biotechnology employment in California, nearly 30% of the U.S. biotechnology company headquartered in California, medical equipment and measurement and control equipment production accounted for 20% of the United states.
California's economy is the main agriculture (including fruit, vegetables, dairy products and wine), the scale of agriculture is second times more than two industries, agricultural land accounted for 30%, mainly for irrigation agriculture.
Forestry: forestry developed, one of the country's three largest timber production. Fisheries: Fisheries output the first, San Francesco, Santiago and San Pedro as an important fishing port.
Manufacturing: manufacturing industry developed, a complete range of products, a wide range of products, the number of output and employment are ranked first in the country. Mainly in aerospace, electronics and other emerging industries and refining, petrochemical, ammunition, food processing, paper, printing, etc..

Recent query record of california (510) phone       more number >>
record of Recent query 510856, california location area code (510)
1
2
3
4
5
6
5108568200 5108568199 5108568198 5108568197 5108568196 5108568195 5108568194 5108568193 5108568192 5108568191 5108568190 5108568189 5108568188 5108568187 5108568186 5108568185 5108568184 5108568183 5108568182 5108568181 5108568180 5108568179 5108568178 5108568177 5108568176 5108568175 5108568174 5108568173 5108568172 5108568171 5108568170 5108568169 5108568168 5108568167 5108568166 5108568165 5108568164 5108568163 5108568162 5108568161 5108568160 5108568159 5108568158 5108568157 5108568156 5108568155 5108568154 5108568153 5108568152 5108568151 5108568150 5108568149 5108568148 5108568147 5108568146 5108568145 5108568144 5108568143 5108568142 5108568141 5108568140 5108568139 5108568138 5108568137 5108568136 5108568135 5108568134 5108568133 5108568132 5108568131 5108568130 5108568129 5108568128 5108568127 5108568126 5108568125 5108568124 5108568123 5108568122 5108568121 5108568120 5108568119 5108568118 5108568117 5108568116 5108568115 5108568114 5108568113 5108568112 5108568111 5108568110 5108568109 5108568108 5108568107 5108568106 5108568105 5108568104 5108568103 5108568102 5108568101 5108568100 5108568099 5108568098 5108568097 5108568096 5108568095 5108568094 5108568093 5108568092 5108568091 5108568090 5108568089 5108568088 5108568087 5108568086 5108568085 5108568084 5108568083 5108568082 5108568081 5108568080 5108568079 5108568078 5108568077 5108568076 5108568075 5108568074 5108568073 5108568072 5108568071 5108568070 5108568069 5108568068 5108568067 5108568066 5108568065 5108568064 5108568063 5108568062 5108568061 5108568060 5108568059 5108568058 5108568057 5108568056 5108568055 5108568054 5108568053 5108568052 5108568051 5108568050 5108568049 5108568048 5108568047 5108568046 5108568045 5108568044 5108568043 5108568042 5108568041 5108568040 5108568039 5108568038 5108568037 5108568036 5108568035 5108568034 5108568033 5108568032 5108568031 5108568030 5108568029 5108568028 5108568027 5108568026 5108568025 5108568024 5108568023 5108568022 5108568021 5108568020 5108568019 5108568018 5108568017 5108568016 5108568015 5108568014 5108568013 5108568012 5108568011 5108568010 5108568009 5108568008 5108568007 5108568006 5108568005 5108568004 5108568003 5108568002 5108568001 5108568000 5108567999 5108567998 5108567997 5108567996 5108567995 5108567994 5108567993 5108567992 5108567991 5108567990 5108567989 5108567988 5108567987 5108567986 5108567985 5108567984 5108567983 5108567982 5108567981 5108567980 5108567979 5108567978 5108567977 5108567976 5108567975 5108567974 5108567973 5108567972 5108567971 5108567970 5108567969 5108567968 5108567967 5108567966 5108567965 5108567964 5108567963 5108567962 5108567961 5108567960 5108567959 5108567958 5108567957 5108567956 5108567955 5108567954 5108567953 5108567952 5108567951 5108567950 5108567949 5108567948 5108567947 5108567946 5108567945 5108567944 5108567943 5108567942 5108567941 5108567940 5108567939 5108567938 5108567937 5108567936 5108567935 5108567934 5108567933 5108567932 5108567931 5108567930 5108567929 5108567928 5108567927 5108567926 5108567925 5108567924 5108567923 5108567922 5108567921 5108567920 5108567919 5108567918 5108567917 5108567916 5108567915 5108567914 5108567913 5108567912 5108567911 5108567910 5108567909 5108567908 5108567907 5108567906 5108567905 5108567904 5108567903 5108567902 5108567901 5108567900 5108567899 5108567898 5108567897 5108567896 5108567895 5108567894 5108567893 5108567892 5108567891 5108567890 5108567889 5108567888 5108567887 5108567886 5108567885 5108567884 5108567883 5108567882 5108567881 5108567880 5108567879 5108567878 5108567877 5108567876 5108567875 5108567874 5108567873 5108567872 5108567871 5108567870 5108567869 5108567868 5108567867 5108567866 5108567865 5108567864 5108567863 5108567862 5108567861 5108567860 5108567859 5108567858 5108567857 5108567856 5108567855 5108567854 5108567853 5108567852 5108567851 5108567850 5108567849 5108567848 5108567847 5108567846 5108567845 5108567844 5108567843 5108567842 5108567841 5108567840 5108567839 5108567838 5108567837 5108567836 5108567835 5108567834 5108567833 5108567832 5108567831 5108567830 5108567829 5108567828 5108567827 5108567826 5108567825 5108567824 5108567823 5108567822 5108567821 5108567820 5108567819 5108567818 5108567817 5108567816 5108567815 5108567814 5108567813 5108567812 5108567811 5108567810 5108567809 5108567808 5108567807 5108567806 5108567805 5108567804 5108567803 5108567802 5108567801 5108567800 5108567799 5108567798 5108567797 5108567796 5108567795 5108567794 5108567793 5108567792 5108567791 5108567790 5108567789 5108567788 5108567787 5108567786 5108567785 5108567784 5108567783 5108567782 5108567781 5108567780 5108567779 5108567778 5108567777 5108567776 5108567775 5108567774 5108567773 5108567772 5108567771 5108567770 5108567769 5108567768 5108567767 5108567766 5108567765 5108567764 5108567763 5108567762 5108567761 5108567760 5108567759 5108567758 5108567757 5108567756 5108567755 5108567754 5108567753 5108567752 5108567751 5108567750 5108567749 5108567748 5108567747 5108567746 5108567745 5108567744 5108567743 5108567742 5108567741 5108567740 5108567739 5108567738 5108567737 5108567736 5108567735 5108567734 5108567733 5108567732 5108567731 5108567730 5108567729 5108567728 5108567727 5108567726 5108567725 5108567724 5108567723 5108567722 5108567721 5108567720 5108567719 5108567718 5108567717 5108567716 5108567715 5108567714 5108567713 5108567712 5108567711 5108567710 5108567709 5108567708 5108567707 5108567706 5108567705 5108567704 5108567703 5108567702 5108567701 5108567700 5108567699 5108567698 5108567697 5108567696 5108567695 5108567694 5108567693 5108567692 5108567691 5108567690 5108567689 5108567688 5108567687 5108567686 5108567685 5108567684 5108567683 5108567682 5108567681 5108567680 5108567679 5108567678 5108567677 5108567676 5108567675 5108567674 5108567673 5108567672 5108567671 5108567670 5108567669 5108567668 5108567667 5108567666 5108567665 5108567664 5108567663 5108567662 5108567661 5108567660 5108567659 5108567658 5108567657 5108567656 5108567655 5108567654 5108567653 5108567652 5108567651 5108567650 5108567649 5108567648 5108567647 5108567646 5108567645 5108567644 5108567643 5108567642 5108567641 5108567640 5108567639 5108567638 5108567637 5108567636 5108567635 5108567634 5108567633 5108567632 5108567631 5108567630 5108567629 5108567628 5108567627 5108567626 5108567625 5108567624 5108567623 5108567622 5108567621 5108567620 5108567619 5108567618 5108567617 5108567616 5108567615 5108567614 5108567613 5108567612 5108567611 5108567610 5108567609 5108567608 5108567607 5108567606 5108567605 5108567604 5108567603 5108567602 5108567601 5108567600 5108569100 5108569099 5108569098 5108569097 5108569096 5108569095 5108569094 5108569093 5108569092 5108569091 5108569090 5108569089 5108569088 5108569087 5108569086 5108569085 5108569084 5108569083 5108569082 5108569081 5108569080 5108569079 5108569078 5108569077 5108569076 5108569075 5108569074 5108569073 5108569072 5108569071 5108569070 5108569069 5108569068 5108569067 5108569066 5108569065 5108569064 5108569063 5108569062 5108569061 5108569060 5108569059 5108569058 5108569057 5108569056 5108569055 5108569054 5108569053 5108569052 5108569051 5108569050 5108569049 5108569048 5108569047 5108569046 5108569045 5108569044 5108569043 5108569042 5108569041 5108569040 5108569039 5108569038 5108569037 5108569036 5108569035 5108569034 5108569033 5108569032 5108569031 5108569030 5108569029 5108569028 5108569027 5108569026 5108569025 5108569024 5108569023 5108569022 5108569021 5108569020 5108569019 5108569018 5108569017 5108569016 5108569015 5108569014 5108569013 5108569012 5108569011 5108569010 5108569009 5108569008 5108569007 5108569006 5108569005 5108569004 5108569003 5108569002 5108569001 5108569000 5108568999 5108568998 5108568997 5108568996 5108568995 5108568994 5108568993 5108568992 5108568991 5108568990 5108568989 5108568988 5108568987 5108568986 5108568985 5108568984 5108568983 5108568982 5108568981 5108568980 5108568979 5108568978 5108568977 5108568976 5108568975 5108568974 5108568973 5108568972 5108568971 5108568970 5108568969 5108568968 5108568967 5108568966 5108568965 5108568964 5108568963 5108568962 5108568961 5108568960 5108568959 5108568958 5108568957 5108568956 5108568955 5108568954 5108568953 5108568952 5108568951 5108568950 5108568949 5108568948 5108568947 5108568946 5108568945 5108568944 5108568943 5108568942 5108568941 5108568940 5108568939 5108568938 5108568937 5108568936 5108568935 5108568934 5108568933 5108568932 5108568931 5108568930 5108568929 5108568928 5108568927 5108568926 5108568925 5108568924 5108568923 5108568922 5108568921 5108568920 5108568919 5108568918 5108568917 5108568916 5108568915 5108568914 5108568913 5108568912 5108568911 5108568910 5108568909 5108568908 5108568907 5108568906 5108568905 5108568904 5108568903 5108568902 5108568901 5108568900 5108568899 5108568898 5108568897 5108568896 5108568895 5108568894 5108568893 5108568892 5108568891 5108568890 5108568889 5108568888 5108568887 5108568886 5108568885 5108568884 5108568883 5108568882 5108568881 5108568880 5108568879 5108568878 5108568877 5108568876 5108568875 5108568874 5108568873 5108568872 5108568871 5108568870 5108568869 5108568868 5108568867 5108568866 5108568865 5108568864 5108568863 5108568862 5108568861 5108568860 5108568859 5108568858 5108568857 5108568856 5108568855 5108568854 5108568853 5108568852 5108568851 5108568850 5108568849 5108568848 5108568847 5108568846 5108568845 5108568844 5108568843 5108568842 5108568841 5108568840 5108568839 5108568838 5108568837 5108568836 5108568835 5108568834 5108568833 5108568832 5108568831 5108568830 5108568829 5108568828 5108568827 5108568826 5108568825 5108568824 5108568823 5108568822 5108568821 5108568820 5108568819 5108568818 5108568817 5108568816 5108568815 5108568814 5108568813 5108568812 5108568811 5108568810 5108568809 5108568808 5108568807 5108568806 5108568805 5108568804 5108568803 5108568802 5108568801 5108568800 5108568799 5108568798 5108568797 5108568796 5108568795 5108568794 5108568793 5108568792 5108568791 5108568790 5108568789 5108568788 5108568787 5108568786 5108568785 5108568784 5108568783 5108568782 5108568781 5108568780 5108568779 5108568778 5108568777 5108568776 5108568775 5108568774 5108568773 5108568772 5108568771 5108568770 5108568769 5108568768 5108568767 5108568766 5108568765 5108568764 5108568763 5108568762 5108568761 5108568760 5108568759 5108568758 5108568757 5108568756 5108568755 5108568754 5108568753 5108568752 5108568751 5108568750 5108568749 5108568748 5108568747 5108568746 5108568745 5108568744 5108568743 5108568742 5108568741 5108568740 5108568739 5108568738 5108568737 5108568736 5108568735 5108568734 5108568733 5108568732 5108568731 5108568730 5108568729 5108568728 5108568727 5108568726 5108568725 5108568724 5108568723 5108568722 5108568721 5108568720 5108568719 5108568718 5108568717 5108568716 5108568715 5108568714 5108568713 5108568712 5108568711 5108568710 5108568709 5108568708 5108568707 5108568706 5108568705 5108568704 5108568703 5108568702 5108568701 5108568700 5108568699 5108568698 5108568697 5108568696 5108568695 5108568694 5108568693 5108568692 5108568691 5108568690 5108568689 5108568688 5108568687 5108568686 5108568685 5108568684 5108568683 5108568682 5108568681 5108568680 5108568679 5108568678 5108568677 5108568676 5108568675 5108568674 5108568673 5108568672 5108568671 5108568670 5108568669 5108568668 5108568667 5108568666 5108568665 5108568664 5108568663 5108568662 5108568661 5108568660 5108568659 5108568658 5108568657 5108568656 5108568655 5108568654 5108568653 5108568652 5108568651 5108568650 5108568649 5108568648 5108568647 5108568646 5108568645 5108568644 5108568643 5108568642 5108568641 5108568640 5108568639 5108568638 5108568637 5108568636 5108568635 5108568634 5108568633 5108568632 5108568631 5108568630 5108568629 5108568628 5108568627 5108568626 5108568625 5108568624 5108568623 5108568622 5108568621 5108568620 5108568619 5108568618 5108568617 5108568616 5108568615 5108568614 5108568613 5108568612 5108568611 5108568610 5108568609 5108568608 5108568607 5108568606 5108568605 5108568604 5108568603 5108568602 5108568601 5108568600
Recent query record of california (51)       more number >>

Enterprise information related to california (510) area code
y Spanish and indigenous) ¨C and the ind¨ªgenas, the indigenous descendants of Mexico¡¯s pre-Hispanic inhabitants.
Mestizos are in the great majority and hold most positions of power and influence, but the ind¨ªgenas, while mostly materially poor, are often culturally rich.
Approximately 60 Mexican indigenous peoples survive, each with their own language and, often, unique costumes, and their way of life is still imbued with communal customs, beliefs and rituals bound up with nature.
By official figures approximately 15 million people in Mexico (13% of the population) are indigenous.
The biggest group is the Nahua, descendants of the ancient Aztecs, nearly three million of whom are spread around central Mexico.
The approximately two million Yucatec Maya on the Yucat¨¢n Peninsula are direct descendants of the ancient Maya, as (probably) are the Tzotziles and Tzeltales of Chiapas (totaling about one million).
Also directly descended from well-known pre-Hispanic peoples are the estimated one million Zapotecs and 800,000 Mixtecs, mainly in Oaxaca; the 400,000 Totonacs in Veracruz; and the 200,000 Pur¨¦pecha (Tarasco people) in Michoac¨¢n.
The secrets of physical and spiritual health of a Nahua curandera (literally ¡®curer¡¯) are revealed in Woman Who Glows in the Dark by Elena ¨¢vila.
The Spiritual Dimension Yoga, the temascal (indigenous cleansing steam bath) and new-age cosmic energies may mean more to some Mexicans today than traditional Roman Catholicism, but a spiritual dimension of some kind or other remains important in most Mexicans¡¯ lives.
COMMUNING WITH DEPARTED SOULS Perhaps no other festival reveals more about Mexican spirituality than the D¨ªa de ?uertos (Day of the Dead), the happy-sad remembrance of departed loved ones at the beginning of November.
The D¨ªa de Muertos originated in colonial times, when the Catholic Church fused indigenous rites honoring and communing with the dead with its own celebrations of All Saints¡¯ Day (November 1) and All Souls¡¯ Day (November 2).
Today Muertos is a national phenomenon, with people everywhere cleaning graves and decorating them with flowers, holding graveyard vigils and building elaborate altars to welcome back their loved ones.
For the mestizo (mixed ancestry) majority, it¡¯s more of a popular folk festival and family occasion.
The Catholic belief is that departed souls are in heaven or in purgatory, not actually back on a visit to Earth.
Nevertheless, many find comfort in a sense that lost loved ones are somehow more present at this time.
Among many indigenous communities, Muertos is still very much a religious and spiritual event.
For them, the observance might more appropriately be called Noche de Muertos (Night of the Dead), because families actually spend whole nights at the graveyard communing with the dead.
Sugar skulls, chocolate coffins and toy skeletons are sold in markets everywhere, both as Muertos gifts for children and graveyard decorations; this tradition derives in great measure from the work of artist Jos¨¦ Guadalupe Posada (1852¨C1913), renowned for his satirical figures of a skeletal Death cheerfully engaging in everyday life, working, dancing, courting, drinking and riding horses into battle.
Roman Catholicism About 85% of Mexicans profess Roman Catholicism, making this the world¡¯s second-biggest Catholic country after Brazil.
Almost half of Mexican Catholics attend church weekly.
Though church and state have a history of rocky relations, Catholicism remains very much part of the nation¡¯s established fabric.
Most Mexican fiestas are built around local saints¡¯ days, and pilgrimages to important shrines are a big feature of the calendar.
The church¡¯s most binding symbol is Nuestra Se?ora de Guadalupe, the dark- skinned manifestation of the Virgin Mary who appeared to an Aztec potter, Juan Diego, in 1531 on Cerro del Tepeyac hill in what¡¯s now northern Mexico City.
A crucial link between Catholic and indigenous spirituality, the Virgin of Guadalupe is now the country¡¯s religious patron, an archetypal mother whose blue-cloaked image is ubiquitous and whose name is invoked in political speeches and literature as well as religious ceremonies.
December 12, her feast day, sees large-scale celebrations and pilgrimages all over the country, biggest of all in Mexico City.
Though some church figures have supported causes such as indigenous rights, the Mexican Catholic Church is a socially conservative body.
It has alienated some sectors of the population by its strong opposition to Mexico City¡¯s legalization of abortion and to the gay marriages or civil unions which are now legal in Mexico City and the states of Colima, Quintana Roo and Coahuila.
SANTA MUERTE A bizarre and growing challenge to mainstream religion comes from the cult of Santa Muerte (Saint Death), which was condemned as blasphemous by the Vatican in 2013 but by some estimates now has eight million followers in Mexico.
Many Mexicans who feel that the traditional Catholic Trinity and saints are not answering their prayers are now praying and making offerings to cloaked, scythe- wielding skeleton images in private and public sanctuaries.
Drug gangs are notoriously among the cult¡¯s most loyal followers, and there have even been reports of alleged human sacrifices to Santa Muerte.
The best known Santa Muerte Altar (Alfarer¨ªa, north of Mineros; Tepito) is in Mexico City¡¯s crime-ridden Tepito neighborhood.
Indigenous Religion The Spanish missionaries of the 16th and 17th centuries won indigenous Mexicans over to Catholicism by grafting it onto pre-Hispanic religions.
Old gods were renamed as Christian saints, old festivals were melded with Christian feast days.
Indigenous Christianity is still fused with ancient beliefs today.
Jalisco¡¯s Huichol people have two Christs, but Nakaw¨¦, the fertility goddess, is a more important deity.
In the Catholic church at the Tzotzil Maya town of San Juan Chamula, you may see chanting curanderos (healers) carrying out shamanistic rites.
In the traditional indigenous world almost everything has a spiritual dimension ¨C trees, rivers, hills, wind, rain and sun have their own gods or spirits, and illness may be seen as a ¡®loss of soul¡¯ resulting from wrongdoing or from the malign influence of someone with magical powers.
Around 10% of Mexicans adhere to non-Catholic varieties of Christianity.
Some are members of Protestant churches set up by US missionaries in the 19th century.
Millions of others, especially among the indigenous rural poor of southeast Mexico, have been converted since the 1970s by a wave of American Pentecostal, Evangelical, Mormon, Seventh-Day Adventist and Jehovah¡¯s Witness missionaries.
Letting off Steam Mexicans have many ways of releasing their emotional and physical energy.
Religion , artistic expression and the countless fiestas are among them.
So are sports.
F¨²tbol No sport ignites Mexicans¡¯ passions more than f¨²tbol (soccer).
Games in the 18- team Liga MX, the national First Division, are played at weekends almost year
1
2
3
4
5
6
5108569999 5108569998 5108569997 5108569996 5108569995 5108569994 5108569993 5108569992 5108569991 5108569990 5108569989 5108569988 5108569987 5108569986 5108569985 5108569984 5108569983 5108569982 5108569981 5108569980 5108569979 5108569978 5108569977 5108569976 5108569975 5108569974 5108569973 5108569972 5108569971 5108569970 5108569969 5108569968 5108569967 5108569966 5108569965 5108569964 5108569963 5108569962 5108569961 5108569960 5108569959 5108569958 5108569957 5108569956 5108569955 5108569954 5108569953 5108569952 5108569951 5108569950 5108569949 5108569948 5108569947 5108569946 5108569945 5108569944 5108569943 5108569942 5108569941 5108569940 5108569939 5108569938 5108569937 5108569936 5108569935 5108569934 5108569933 5108569932 5108569931 5108569930 5108569929 5108569928 5108569927 5108569926 5108569925 5108569924 5108569923 5108569922 5108569921 5108569920 5108569919 5108569918 5108569917 5108569916 5108569915 5108569914 5108569913 5108569912 5108569911 5108569910 5108569909 5108569908 5108569907 5108569906 5108569905 5108569904 5108569903 5108569902 5108569901 5108569900 5108569899 5108569898 5108569897 5108569896 5108569895 5108569894 5108569893 5108569892 5108569891 5108569890 5108569889 5108569888 5108569887 5108569886 5108569885 5108569884 5108569883 5108569882 5108569881 5108569880 5108569879 5108569878 5108569877 5108569876 5108569875 5108569874 5108569873 5108569872 5108569871 5108569870 5108569869 5108569868 5108569867 5108569866 5108569865 5108569864 5108569863 5108569862 5108569861 5108569860 5108569859 5108569858 5108569857 5108569856 5108569855 5108569854 5108569853 5108569852 5108569851 5108569850 5108569849 5108569848 5108569847 5108569846 5108569845 5108569844 5108569843 5108569842 5108569841 5108569840 5108569839 5108569838 5108569837 5108569836 5108569835 5108569834 5108569833 5108569832 5108569831 5108569830 5108569829 5108569828 5108569827 5108569826 5108569825 5108569824 5108569823 5108569822 5108569821 5108569820 5108569819 5108569818 5108569817 5108569816 5108569815 5108569814 5108569813 5108569812 5108569811 5108569810 5108569809 5108569808 5108569807 5108569806 5108569805 5108569804 5108569803 5108569802 5108569801 5108569800 5108569799 5108569798 5108569797 5108569796 5108569795 5108569794 5108569793 5108569792 5108569791 5108569790 5108569789 5108569788 5108569787 5108569786 5108569785 5108569784 5108569783 5108569782 5108569781 5108569780 5108569779 5108569778 5108569777 5108569776 5108569775 5108569774 5108569773 5108569772 5108569771 5108569770 5108569769 5108569768 5108569767 5108569766 5108569765 5108569764 5108569763 5108569762 5108569761 5108569760 5108569759 5108569758 5108569757 5108569756 5108569755 5108569754 5108569753 5108569752 5108569751 5108569750 5108569749 5108569748 5108569747 5108569746 5108569745 5108569744 5108569743 5108569742 5108569741 5108569740 5108569739 5108569738 5108569737 5108569736 5108569735 5108569734 5108569733 5108569732 5108569731 5108569730 5108569729 5108569728 5108569727 5108569726 5108569725 5108569724 5108569723 5108569722 5108569721 5108569720 5108569719 5108569718 5108569717 5108569716 5108569715 5108569714 5108569713 5108569712 5108569711 5108569710 5108569709 5108569708 5108569707 5108569706 5108569705 5108569704 5108569703 5108569702 5108569701 5108569700 5108569699 5108569698 5108569697 5108569696 5108569695 5108569694 5108569693 5108569692 5108569691 5108569690 5108569689 5108569688 5108569687 5108569686 5108569685 5108569684 5108569683 5108569682 5108569681 5108569680 5108569679 5108569678 5108569677 5108569676 5108569675 5108569674 5108569673 5108569672 5108569671 5108569670 5108569669 5108569668 5108569667 5108569666 5108569665 5108569664 5108569663 5108569662 5108569661 5108569660 5108569659 5108569658 5108569657 5108569656 5108569655 5108569654 5108569653 5108569652 5108569651 5108569650 5108569649 5108569648 5108569647 5108569646 5108569645 5108569644 5108569643 5108569642 5108569641 5108569640 5108569639 5108569638 5108569637 5108569636 5108569635 5108569634 5108569633 5108569632 5108569631 5108569630 5108569629 5108569628 5108569627 5108569626 5108569625 5108569624 5108569623 5108569622 5108569621 5108569620 5108569619 5108569618 5108569617 5108569616 5108569615 5108569614 5108569613 5108569612 5108569611 5108569610 5108569609 5108569608 5108569607 5108569606 5108569605 5108569604 5108569603 5108569602 5108569601 5108569600 5108569599 5108569598 5108569597 5108569596 5108569595 5108569594 5108569593 5108569592 5108569591 5108569590 5108569589 5108569588 5108569587 5108569586 5108569585 5108569584 5108569583 5108569582 5108569581 5108569580 5108569579 5108569578 5108569577 5108569576 5108569575 5108569574 5108569573 5108569572 5108569571 5108569570 5108569569 5108569568 5108569567 5108569566 5108569565 5108569564 5108569563 5108569562 5108569561 5108569560 5108569559 5108569558 5108569557 5108569556 5108569555 5108569554 5108569553 5108569552 5108569551 5108569550 5108569549 5108569548 5108569547 5108569546 5108569545 5108569544 5108569543 5108569542 5108569541 5108569540 5108569539 5108569538 5108569537 5108569536 5108569535 5108569534 5108569533 5108569532 5108569531 5108569530 5108569529 5108569528 5108569527 5108569526 5108569525 5108569524 5108569523 5108569522 5108569521 5108569520 5108569519 5108569518 5108569517 5108569516 5108569515 5108569514 5108569513 5108569512 5108569511 5108569510 5108569509 5108569508 5108569507 5108569506 5108569505 5108569504 5108569503 5108569502 5108569501 5108569500 5108569499 5108569498 5108569497 5108569496 5108569495 5108569494 5108569493 5108569492 5108569491 5108569490 5108569489 5108569488 5108569487 5108569486 5108569485 5108569484 5108569483 5108569482 5108569481 5108569480 5108569479 5108569478 5108569477 5108569476 5108569475 5108569474 5108569473 5108569472 5108569471 5108569470 5108569469 5108569468 5108569467 5108569466 5108569465 5108569464 5108569463 5108569462 5108569461 5108569460 5108569459 5108569458 5108569457 5108569456 5108569455 5108569454 5108569453 5108569452 5108569451 5108569450 5108569449 5108569448 5108569447 5108569446 5108569445 5108569444 5108569443 5108569442 5108569441 5108569440 5108569439 5108569438 5108569437 5108569436 5108569435 5108569434 5108569433 5108569432 5108569431 5108569430 5108569429 5108569428 5108569427 5108569426 5108569425 5108569424 5108569423 5108569422 5108569421 5108569420 5108569419 5108569418 5108569417 5108569416 5108569415 5108569414 5108569413 5108569412 5108569411 5108569410 5108569409 5108569408 5108569407 5108569406 5108569405 5108569404 5108569403 5108569402 5108569401 5108569400 5108569399 5108569398 5108569397 5108569396 5108569395 5108569394 5108569393 5108569392 5108569391 5108569390 5108569389 5108569388 5108569387 5108569386 5108569385 5108569384 5108569383 5108569382 5108569381 5108569380 5108569379 5108569378 5108569377 5108569376 5108569375 5108569374 5108569373 5108569372 5108569371 5108569370 5108569369 5108569368 5108569367 5108569366 5108569365 5108569364 5108569363 5108569362 5108569361 5108569360 5108569359 5108569358 5108569357 5108569356 5108569355 5108569354 5108569353 5108569352 5108569351 5108569350 5108569349 5108569348 5108569347 5108569346 5108569345 5108569344 5108569343 5108569342 5108569341 5108569340 5108569339 5108569338 5108569337 5108569336 5108569335 5108569334 5108569333 5108569332 5108569331 5108569330 5108569329 5108569328 5108569327 5108569326 5108569325 5108569324 5108569323 5108569322 5108569321 5108569320 5108569319 5108569318 5108569317 5108569316 5108569315 5108569314 5108569313 5108569312 5108569311 5108569310 5108569309 5108569308 5108569307 5108569306 5108569305 5108569304 5108569303 5108569302 5108569301 5108569300 5108569299 5108569298 5108569297 5108569296 5108569295 5108569294 5108569293 5108569292 5108569291 5108569290 5108569289 5108569288 5108569287 5108569286 5108569285 5108569284 5108569283 5108569282 5108569281 5108569280 5108569279 5108569278 5108569277 5108569276 5108569275 5108569274 5108569273 5108569272 5108569271 5108569270 5108569269 5108569268 5108569267 5108569266 5108569265 5108569264 5108569263 5108569262 5108569261 5108569260 5108569259 5108569258 5108569257 5108569256 5108569255 5108569254 5108569253 5108569252 5108569251 5108569250 5108569249 5108569248 5108569247 5108569246 5108569245 5108569244 5108569243 5108569242 5108569241 5108569240 5108569239 5108569238 5108569237 5108569236 5108569235 5108569234 5108569233 5108569232 5108569231 5108569230 5108569229 5108569228 5108569227 5108569226 5108569225 5108569224 5108569223 5108569222 5108569221 5108569220 5108569219 5108569218 5108569217 5108569216 5108569215 5108569214 5108569213 5108569212 5108569211 5108569210 5108569209 5108569208 5108569207 5108569206 5108569205 5108569204 5108569203 5108569202 5108569201 5108569200 5108569199 5108569198 5108569197 5108569196 5108569195 5108569194 5108569193 5108569192 5108569191 5108569190 5108569189 5108569188 5108569187 5108569186 5108569185 5108569184 5108569183 5108569182 5108569181 5108569180 5108569179 5108569178 5108569177 5108569176 5108569175 5108569174 5108569173 5108569172 5108569171 5108569170 5108569169 5108569168 5108569167 5108569166 5108569165 5108569164 5108569163 5108569162 5108569161 5108569160 5108569159 5108569158 5108569157 5108569156 5108569155 5108569154 5108569153 5108569152 5108569151 5108569150 5108569149 5108569148 5108569147 5108569146 5108569145 5108569144 5108569143 5108569142 5108569141 5108569140 5108569139 5108569138 5108569137 5108569136 5108569135 5108569134 5108569133 5108569132 5108569131 5108569130 5108569129 5108569128 5108569127 5108569126 5108569125 5108569124 5108569123 5108569122 5108569121 5108569120 5108569119 5108569118 5108569117 5108569116 5108569115 5108569114 5108569113 5108569112 5108569111 5108569110 5108569109 5108569108 5108569107 5108569106 5108569105 5108569104 5108569103 5108569102 5108569101 5108569100 5108568600 5108568599 5108568598 5108568597 5108568596 5108568595 5108568594 5108568593 5108568592 5108568591 5108568590 5108568589 5108568588 5108568587 5108568586 5108568585 5108568584 5108568583 5108568582 5108568581 5108568580 5108568579 5108568578 5108568577 5108568576 5108568575 5108568574 5108568573 5108568572 5108568571 5108568570 5108568569 5108568568 5108568567 5108568566 5108568565 5108568564 5108568563 5108568562 5108568561 5108568560 5108568559 5108568558 5108568557 5108568556 5108568555 5108568554 5108568553 5108568552 5108568551 5108568550 5108568549 5108568548 5108568547 5108568546 5108568545 5108568544 5108568543 5108568542 5108568541 5108568540 5108568539 5108568538 5108568537 5108568536 5108568535 5108568534 5108568533 5108568532 5108568531 5108568530 5108568529 5108568528 5108568527 5108568526 5108568525 5108568524 5108568523 5108568522 5108568521 5108568520 5108568519 5108568518 5108568517 5108568516 5108568515 5108568514 5108568513 5108568512 5108568511 5108568510 5108568509 5108568508 5108568507 5108568506 5108568505 5108568504 5108568503 5108568502 5108568501 5108568500 5108568499 5108568498 5108568497 5108568496 5108568495 5108568494 5108568493 5108568492 5108568491 5108568490 5108568489 5108568488 5108568487 5108568486 5108568485 5108568484 5108568483 5108568482 5108568481 5108568480 5108568479 5108568478 5108568477 5108568476 5108568475 5108568474 5108568473 5108568472 5108568471 5108568470 5108568469 5108568468 5108568467 5108568466 5108568465 5108568464 5108568463 5108568462 5108568461 5108568460 5108568459 5108568458 5108568457 5108568456 5108568455 5108568454 5108568453 5108568452 5108568451 5108568450 5108568449 5108568448 5108568447 5108568446 5108568445 5108568444 5108568443 5108568442 5108568441 5108568440 5108568439 5108568438 5108568437 5108568436 5108568435 5108568434 5108568433 5108568432 5108568431 5108568430 5108568429 5108568428 5108568427 5108568426 5108568425 5108568424 5108568423 5108568422 5108568421 5108568420 5108568419 5108568418 5108568417 5108568416 5108568415 5108568414 5108568413 5108568412 5108568411 5108568410 5108568409 5108568408 5108568407 5108568406 5108568405 5108568404 5108568403 5108568402 5108568401 5108568400 5108568399 5108568398 5108568397 5108568396 5108568395 5108568394 5108568393 5108568392 5108568391 5108568390 5108568389 5108568388 5108568387 5108568386 5108568385 5108568384 5108568383 5108568382 5108568381 5108568380 5108568379 5108568378 5108568377 5108568376 5108568375 5108568374 5108568373 5108568372 5108568371 5108568370 5108568369 5108568368 5108568367 5108568366 5108568365 5108568364 5108568363 5108568362 5108568361 5108568360 5108568359 5108568358 5108568357 5108568356 5108568355 5108568354 5108568353 5108568352 5108568351 5108568350 5108568349 5108568348 5108568347 5108568346 5108568345 5108568344 5108568343 5108568342 5108568341 5108568340 5108568339 5108568338 5108568337 5108568336 5108568335 5108568334 5108568333 5108568332 5108568331 5108568330 5108568329 5108568328 5108568327 5108568326 5108568325 5108568324 5108568323 5108568322 5108568321 5108568320 5108568319 5108568318 5108568317 5108568316 5108568315 5108568314 5108568313 5108568312 5108568311 5108568310 5108568309 5108568308 5108568307 5108568306 5108568305 5108568304 5108568303 5108568302 5108568301 5108568300 5108568299 5108568298 5108568297 5108568296 5108568295 5108568294 5108568293 5108568292 5108568291 5108568290 5108568289 5108568288 5108568287 5108568286 5108568285 5108568284 5108568283 5108568282 5108568281 5108568280 5108568279 5108568278 5108568277 5108568276 5108568275 5108568274 5108568273 5108568272 5108568271 5108568270 5108568269 5108568268 5108568267 5108568266 5108568265 5108568264 5108568263 5108568262 5108568261 5108568260 5108568259 5108568258 5108568257 5108568256 5108568255 5108568254 5108568253 5108568252 5108568251 5108568250 5108568249 5108568248 5108568247 5108568246 5108568245 5108568244 5108568243 5108568242 5108568241 5108568240 5108568239 5108568238 5108568237 5108568236 5108568235 5108568234 5108568233 5108568232 5108568231 5108568230 5108568229 5108568228 5108568227 5108568226 5108568225 5108568224 5108568223 5108568222 5108568221 5108568220 5108568219 5108568218 5108568217 5108568216 5108568215 5108568214 5108568213 5108568212 5108568211 5108568210 5108568209 5108568208 5108568207 5108568206 5108568205 5108568204 5108568203 5108568202 5108568201 5108568200
www.80880.net telephone network sitemap

American Style, Social Culture, Culture, Religion and Humanities